Suicide Prevention

SUICIDE IS PREVENTABLE

Suicide is not inevitable for anyone. For every person who dies by suicide, there are 278 individuals annually who think seriously about suicide but do not die.

You can help someone in crisis.

You don’t have to be a medical or mental health professional to help someone with thoughts of suicide. The 5 #BeThe1To action steps form a blueprint to guide you through helping someone in your life that may be in suicidal crisis.

You can be the one to save a life. Learn more at the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline. You can also call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255) to be connected to local resources.

SUICIDE IN THE UNITED STATES

Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States. Each year, over 44,000 Americans die by suicide, and for every suicide, 25 will attempt.

There is no single cause for suicide. However, there are identified risk factors that make it more likely that someone will consider suicide.

Some warning signs may also help you determine if a loved one is at risk for suicide, especially if the behavior is new, has increased, or seems related to painful event or change.

Crisis Hotlines by Arizona County

  • 1-866-495-6735 (Cochise, Graham, Greenlee, La Paz, Pima, Pinal, Santa Cruz and Yuma Counties)
  • 1-800-631-1314 and 602-222-9444 (Maricopa County)
  • 1-877-756-4090 (Apache, Coconino, Gila, Mohave, Navajo and Yavapai Counties)
  • 1-800-259-3449 (Gila River)
  • Tribal Warm Line 1-855-728-8630
  • Tohono O’odham Crisis Line 1-844-423-8759

National Hotlines and Websites

  • National Suicide Prevention Lifeline 1-800-273-TALK (8255)
  • Lifeline in Spanish – 1-888-628-9454
  • www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org
  • Veterans Crisis Hotline 1-800-273-TALK (8255) and Press 1 or Text message to 838255
  • Crisis Text Line Text HOME to 741741
  • American Association of Suicidology (AAS) www.suicidology.org
  • American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (AFSP) https://afsp.org/
  • Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) www.sprc.org
  • Teen Lifeline 1-800-787-TEEN (8336) http://teenlifeline.org
  • The Trevor Project 1-866-488-7386 (Youth who identify as LGBTQ)
  • Safe Call Now 206-459-3020 (First Responders)

Reading Materials

  •  Why People Die by Suicide Thomas Joiner
  • The Suicidal Mind Edwin Shneidman
  • Suicide: The Forever Decision Paul Quinnett

Phone and Social Media Applications

MY3  

MY3 (Android, iOS) is targeted at those who are depressed or suicidal themselves. MY3 aims to keep a person stay connected to his/her core network, asking the person to choose three close contacts, such as friends, family, loved ones or therapist, that he/she feels comfortable reaching out to whenever feeling down. In addition, MY3 helps the person at risk build a personalized Safety Plan, asking them to think through and list specific warning signs, coping strategies and support network, so that they can easily act when recognizing the warning signs are surfacing.

Suicide Safe

Suicide Safe furnishes behavioral and primary health care providers tips on how to assess for suicidal risk, communicate effectively with patients and their families, determine appropriate next steps, and make referrals when needed.  SAMHSA’s Suicide Safe app is available for download on Apple and Android mobile devices:  http://store.samhsa.gov/apps/suicidesafe/ .

Facebook

If you have encountered a direct threat of suicide on Facebook, please immediately contact law enforcement.  You can submit reports of suicidal content to Facebook by clicking:

Facebook: Report Suicidal Content Page

For reports in the United States, we also recommend that you contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, a 24/7 hotline, at 1.800.273.TALK (8255). If possible, please encourage the user who posted the content to contact the Lifeline as well.  You can view a list of suicide prevention hotlines in other countries by visiting http://www.befrienders.org and choosing from the dropdown menu at the top of the page.

We encourage you to learn about how to identify and respond to warning signs of suicidal behavior online at the following address: http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/GetHelp/WhatifSomeoneIKnowNeedsHelp.aspx

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline:

  • Lifeline wants people to report to Facebook first, as they have the ability to provide identifying information and the process is faster if they can report all info to the Lifeline at that time.
  • Facebook works with the Lifeline once the content is reported.
  • Facebook receives the notification, and then provides the Lifeline with all information about the user. Facebook’s sensitivity to suicide risk and knowing that their safety team works on the weekends, the Lifeline believes that the process is pretty quick and that it is the most efficient and quickest method for a user to receive help.

QPR: Question, Persuade, and Refer

QPR stands for Question, Persuade, and Refer — the 3 simple steps anyone can learn to help save a life from suicide.

Just as people trained in CPR and the Heimlich Maneuver help save thousands of lives each year, people trained in QPR learn how to recognize the warning signs of a suicide crisis and how to question, persuade, and refer someone to help. Each year thousands of Americans, like you, are saying “Yes” to saving the life of a friend, colleague, sibling, or neighbor.

QPR (Question, Persuade, and Refer) Gatekeeper Training for Suicide Prevention is a 1-2 hour educational program designed to teach lay and professional “gatekeepers” the warning signs of a suicide crisis and how to respond. Gatekeepers can include anyone who is strategically positioned to recognize and refer someone at risk of suicide (e.g., parents, friends, neighbors, teachers, coaches, caseworkers, police officers). The process follows three steps: (1) Question the individual’s desire or intent regarding suicide, (2) Persuade the person to seek and accept help, and (3) Refer the person to appropriate resources.

  • QPR meets the requirements for listing in the National Registry of Evidence-based Practices and Policies (NREPP). Detailed review at NREPP listing

QPR Training gets Results

Official QPR training outcomes as determined by independent research reviewers of published studies for National Registry of Evidence-based Practice and Policies found that trained gatekeepers have increased knowledge, confidence and gatekeeper skills per these measures:

  • Increased declarative knowledge
  • Increased perceived knowledge
  • Increased self-efficacy
  • Increased diffusion of Gatekeeper training information
  • Increased Gatekeeper skills (ability to engage in active listening, ask clarifying questions, make an appropriate referral)
  • Read more
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